Make ~/.pam_environment work again
November 8, 2016
In the early days of Linux, when we used to start X with
startx, your GUI environment was directly inherited from your console environment. So if you wanted to set or change an environment variable, you’d just put it in
Nowadays we use display managers such as
gdm, and the recommended way to set environment variables is in
~/.pam_environment, which is read by the
pam_env module. The syntax of that file is
PATH OVERRIDE=/usr/local/bin:/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin LANG OVERRIDE=en_US.UTF-8
After a recent update I noticed that even this stopped working. Turns out that this feature was marked as a security issue and disabled by default.
On a typical laptop, where there are no hostile local users, you can enable it back.
Find the file in
/etc/pam.dthat corresponds to your display manager, such as
Find the line in that file that says
auth required pam_env.so
and change it to
auth required pam_env.so user_readenv=1
Restart your display manager.
For what it’s worth, I haven’t made this work for gdm. If you have, let me know.